Research on PEMF Therapy


Pulsed electromagnetic (short-wave) energy therapy. 1989
Goats GC. Br J Sports Med. 1989 Dec;23(4):213-6. doi: 10.1136/bjsm.23.4.213. PMID: 2629997

Beneficial effects of electro-magnetic fields, 1993
Bassett CA., Bioelectric Research Center, Columbia University, Riverdale, NY, USA

Possible therapeutic applications of pulsed magnetic fields, 1993
Navratil L, Hlavaty V, Landsingerova E., Czech Republic

Pulsed magnetotherapy in Czechoslovakia--a review. 1994
Jerabek J. National Institute of Public Health, Praha, Czech Republic

Equipment design for magnetic therapy and "Polus" devices, 1994
Viktorov VA, Malkov IuV, Russia

Evolution of magnetic therapy from alternative to traditional medicine, 1999
Vallbona C, Richards T.; Department of Family and Community Medicine, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX, USA

Electro-Magnetic fields and magnets. Investigational treatment for musculoskeletal disorders, 2000
Trock DH, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT, USA

Clinical effectiveness of magnetic field therapy--a review of the literature, 2000
Quittan M, Schuhfried O, Wiesinger GF, Fialka-Moser V.; Universitatsklinik fur Physikalische Medizin und Rehabilitation, Wien, Germany

Theoretical and practical aspects of general magnetotherapy, 2001
Ulashchik VS, Russia

Expanding Use of Pulsed Electromagnetic Field Therapies, 2007
Marko S. Markov, Research International, Williamsville, New York, USA Electromagnetic Biology and Medicine, pages 257-274 | - Taylor & Francis

Designed electromagnetic pulsed therapy: clinical applications. 2007
Gordon GA. J Cell Physiol. 2007 Sep;212(3):579-82. doi: 10.1002/jcp.21025. PMID: 17577213

A proposed electrochemical mechanism for EMF Bioeffects, 2008
Pilla, A., Bioelectromagnetics Society, June, 2008. San Diego, CA., USA

Unified Mechanism for Pulsed Electromagnetic Field Bioeffects: Cellular, Animal and Clinical Evidence, 2009
Pilla, A. Bioelectomagnetic Society Meetings June, Davos, Switzerland.

Magnetic and Pulsed Magnetic (PEMF) Therapies
O Ronzio - Electro Physical Agents E-Book: Evidence-Based …, 2020 - … al 2012; Vadala et al 2016).

Effect of Pulsed Electro Magnetic Field (PEMF) exposure on hatchability performance of Japanese quail hatching eggs
C Pandian, AV Omprakash, ST Selvan… - The Indian Journal of …, 2015 -

Pulsed Electro Magnetic Field (PEMF) Therapy, Madras Institute of Magnetobiology, Chennai-2016 Guidelines.
S Shivakumar -

Low frequency pulsed electromagnetic field promotes C2C12 myoblasts proliferation via activation of MAPK/ERK pathway
H Xu, J Zhang, Y Lei, Z Han, D Rong, Q Yu… - … biophysical research …, 2016 – Elsevier

Inductively Coupled Electrical Stimulation-Part 3: PEMF Systems for use in Basic Research with Laboratory Animals and In Vitro
R Dennis - The Journal of Science and Medicine, 2020 -

Pulsed Electromagnetic Fields for Clinical Applications
M Markov, J Ryaby, EI Waldorff - 2020 – books



New Insights and Possible Therapeutic Implications of Adenosine Analogs and Pulsed Electromagnetic Fields (PEMFs) in Osteoarticular pathologies, 2009
Masieri, Federica Francesca. Università degli studi di Ferrara, Italy


Dynamic imaging demonstrates that pulsed electromagnetic fields (PEMF) suppress IL‐6 transcription in bovine nucleus pulposus cellsm, 2017
Xinyan Tang, Tamara Alliston, Dezba Coughlin, Stephanie Miller, Nianli Zhang, Erik I. Waldorff, James T. Ryaby, Jeffrey C. Lotz,
Research®, 2018 - Wiley Online Library


Pulsed Electromagnetic Fields Modulate cyclic GMP via a Nitric Oxide-Dependent manner in a Dopaminergic Neuronal Cell Line., 2008
Casper, D. et al., 38th annual meeting of the Society for Neuroscience, Nov. 15 to 19, Washington, DC.

PEMF Potentiates the Induction of Nitric Oxide by Glutamate and Hydroxydopamine in a Neuronal Cell Line, 2008
Casper, et al., BioEM 2009 Davos, Switzerland joint meeting between BEMS and EBEA, June 15-19.



A Randomized Controlled Trial of the Effects of a Combination of Static and Dynamic Magnetic Fields on Carpal Tunnel Syndrome, 2007
Weintraub et al. Department of Neurology, New York Medical College, Valhalla, New York; Research Design Associates, Yorktown Heights, New York, USA


A low-frequency alternating magnetic field, a supersonic-frequency current and interference currents in the combined treatment of chronic nonspecific endometritis, 1997
Strugatskii VM, Popovich LS, Russia


The Effects of PEMF on Performance
HS Robinson - 2019 -


The treatment of hypertension patients with electro-magnetic and magnetic fields, 1991
Orzheshkovskii VV, Chopchik DI, Paramonchik VM, Fastykovskii AD,
Kovalenko VP., Russia


Pulsating electromagnetic field stimulation of urothelial cells induces apoptosis and diminishes necrosis: new insight to magnetic therapy in urology. 2012
Juszczak K, Kaszuba-Zwoinska J, Thor PJ. J Physiol Pharmacol. 2012 Aug;63(4):397-401. PMID: 23070089

Does sacral pulsed electromagnetic field therapy have a better effect than transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation in patients with neurogenic overactive bladder? 2016
Lamyaa A Fergany, Husain Shaker, Magdy Arafa, Mohamed S.Elbadry, Department of Surgery, Faculty of Physical Education, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt, Department of Urology, Faculty of Medicine, Minia University, Minia, Egypt. Arab Journal of Urology
Volume 15, Issue 2, June 2017, Pages 148-152

Electromagnetic field in control tissue regeneration, pelvic pain, neuro-inflammation and modulation of non-neuronal cells, 2017
S E Aragona, G Mereghetti, J Lotti, A Vosa, T Lotti, E Canavesi, J Biol Regul Homeost Agents. 2017 APR-JUN;31(2 Suppl. 2):219-225. PMID: 28702986

Efficacy Of Pulsed Electromagnetic Field Therapy On Neurogenic Bladder in Children With Myelomeningocele, 2019 (in progress)
Mohammed E. Ali, Ph. D Candidate, South Valley University


Pulsed electromagnetic field with or without exercise therapy in the treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia. 2017
Elgohary HM, Tantawy SA. J Phys Ther Sci. 2017 Aug;29(8):1305-1310. doi: 10.1589/jpts.29.1305. Epub 2017 Aug 10. PMID: 28878453


Pulsed Electro-Magnetic Field therapy of persistent rotator cuff tendinitis. A doubleblind controlled assessment, 1984
Binder A, Parr G, Hazleman B, Fitton-Jackson S. Lancet. 1984 Mar 31;1(8379):695-8. doi: 10.1016/s0140-6736(84)92219-0. PMID: 6143039

Chronic lateral humeral epicondylitis--a double-blind controlled assessment of pulsed electromagnetic field therapy. 1985
Devereaux MD, Hazleman BL, Thomas PP. Clin Exp Rheumatol. 1985 Oct-Dec;3(4):333-6. PMID: 4085165

Pulsed magnetic and electro-magnetic fields in experimental Achilles tendonitis in the rat: a prospective randomized study, 1997
Lee EW, Maffulli N, Li CK, Chan KM. Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, Chinese University of Hong Kong, Prince of Wales Hospital, Shatin, New Territories, Hong Kong

The effect of Pulsed Electro-Magnetic Fields on flexor tendon healing in chickens, 1999
Robotti E, Zimbler AG, Kenna D, Grossman, JA. Miami Children's Hospital, FL, USA.

Pulsed magnetic field therapy increases tensile strength in a rat Achilles’ tendon repair model, 2006
Strauch et al., Journal of Hand Surgery. 31:1131–1135

M Viganò, D Stanco, S Setti… - Orthopaedic …, 2014 -

Mechanical stimulation (pulsed electromagnetic fields “PEMF” and extracorporeal shock wave therapy “ESWT”) and Tendon Regeneration: A Possible Alternative, 2015
Federica Rosso*, Davide E. Bonasia, Antonio Marmotti, Umberto Cottino and Roberto Rossi, Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, AO Mauriziano Umberto I, Torino, Italy … - Frontiers in aging neuroscienc -


Effectiveness of PEMF therapy in lateral epicondylitis, 2007
Kaan Uzunca, Murat Birtane and Nurettin Taştekin, Trakya University Medical Faculty Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Department, Edirne, Turkey


Effectiveness of magnetotherapy in optic nerve atrophy. A preliminary study, 1990
Zobina LV, Orlovskaia LS, Sokov SL, Sabaeva GF, Konde LA, Iakovlev AA., Russia



Pulsing Electro-Magnetic field therapy in nerve regeneration: an experimental study in the cat, 1984
Orgel MG, O'Brien WJ, Murray HM, USA

Effect of external Pulsing Electro-Magnetic Fields on the healing of soft tissue, 1986
Glassman LS, McGrath MH, Bassett CA. Division of Plastic Surgery, Montefiore Medical Center, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, New York, NY, USA

Effect of Pulsed Electro-Magnetic Fields (PEMF) on osteoblast-like cells, 1990
Satake T. Department of Oral Biochemistry, Kanagawa Dental College, Japan

A review of pulsed electromagnetic field (PEMF) mechanisms at a cellular level: a rationale for clinical use, 2013
Brett Wade – American Journal of Health Research, 2013, British Columbia, Canada -

Pulsed electromagnetic field (PEMF) promotes collagen fibre deposition associated with increased myofibroblast population in the early healing phase of diabetic wound, 2016
Ming-Chun Choi, Kwok-Kuen Cheung, Xiaohui Li & Gladys Lai-Ying Cheing, Archives of Dermatological Research volume 308, pages21–29 – Springer


Effects of pulsed electromagnetic fields on articular hyaline cartilage: review of experimental and clinical studies, 2005
M. Fini. G. Giavaresi, A. Carpi, A. Nicolini, S. Setti, R. Giardino; Experimental Surgery Dept., Research Institute Codivilla-Putti-Rizzoli, Orthopedic Institute, Bologna; Dept. of Reproduction and Aging, University of Pisa, Pisa; Dept. of Internal Medicine, University of Pisa, Pisa; Igea SRL, Carpi, Modena, Italy

The potential application of LIPUS and PEMF on cartilage and chondrogenic differentiation
L Tan -… University of Groningen/UMCG research database Citation for published version (APA): Tan, L. (2016).


Microcirculatory effects of Pulsed Electro-Magnetic Fields, 2004
Smith TL, Wong-Gibbons D, Maultsby J. Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Medical Center Blvd., Winston-Salem, NC, USA

Limited Myocardial Muscle Necrosis Model Allowing for Evaluation of Angiogenic Treatment Modalities, 2006
Patel, M. el al., Journal of Reconstructive Microsurgery, 22, 611

A Pilot Investigation of the Effect of Extremely Low Frequency Pulsed Electromagnetic Fields on Humans’ Heart Rate Variability, 2007
Emilio Baldi,(1,2) Claudio Baldi,(2) and Brian J. Lithgow,(1) Bioelectromagnetics 28:64^68
(1) Diagnostic and Neurosignal Processing Research Group, Electrical & Computer System, Engineering, Monash University, Victoria, Australia (2) Lalor Clinic, Lalor, Victoria, Australia

Pulsed Electromagnetic Fields Increase Angiogenesis in a Rat Myocardial Ischemia Model, 2009
Strauch, et al., Bioelectomagnetic Society Meetings June, Davos, Switzerland

Extremely low frequency pulsed electromagnetic field designed for antinociception does not affect microvascular responsiveness to the vasodilator acetylcholine. 2010
McKay JC, Corbacio M, Tyml K, Prato FS, Thomas AW. Bioelectromagnetics. 2010 Jan;31(1):64-76. doi: 10.1002/bem.20533. PMID: 19644977

A theoretical study of bone remodelling under PEMF at cellular level, 2010
Yanan Wang & Qing-Hua Qin, Computer methods in biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering, Pages 885-897 |, 2012 - Taylor & Francis

Abstract TP262: Pulsed Electromagnetic Field (PEMF) Increases Microvascular Flow And Tissue Oxygenation In the Normal Rat Brain
DE Bragin, G Statom, EM Nemoto - 2013 - Am Heart Assoc

Effect of Pulsed Electromagnetic Field (PEMF) on Infarct Size and Inflammation After Cerebral Ischemia in Mice, 2014
Juan Carlos Pena-Philippides, Yirong Yang, Olga Bragina, Sean Hagberg, Edwin Nemoto & Tamara Roitbak , Translational Stroke Research volume 5, pages491–500(2014)


Effect of bioresonance therapy on antioxidant system in lymphocytes in patients with rheumatoid arthritis, 2002
Islamov BI, Balabanova RM, Funtikov VA, Gotovskii YV, Meizerov EE. Institute of Theoretical and Experimental Biophysics, Russian Academy of Sciences, Pushchino, Russia.

The effect of exposure to high flux density static and pulsed magnetic fields on lymphocyte function, 2003
Aldinucci C, Garcia JB, Palmi M, Sgaragli G, Benocci A, Meini A, Pessina F, Rossi C,
Bonechi C, Pessina GP; Department of Physiology, University of Siena, Siena, Italy



Therapeutic effects of pulsed magnetic fields on joint diseases, 1992
Riva Sanseverino E, Vannini A, Castellacci P., Universita di Bologna, Italy

A double-blind trial of the clinical effects of electro-magnetic fields in osteoarthritis, 1993
Trock DH, Bollet AJ, Dyer RH Jr, Fielding LP, Miner WK, Markoll R., Department of Medicine (Rheumatology), Danbury Hospital, CT, USA

The effect of Pulsed Electro-Magnetic Fields in the treatment of osteoarthritis of the knee and cervical spine. Report of randomized, double blind, placebo controlled trials, 1994
Trock DH, Bollet AJ, Markoll R. Department of Medicine, Danbury Hospital, CN, USA

A study of the effects of Pulsed Electro-Magnetic Field Therapy with respect to serological grouping in rheumatoid arthritis, 1998
Ganguly KS, Sarkar AK, Datta AK, Rakshit A. National Institute for the Orthopaedically Handicapped (NIOH), Calcutta, India

A case of congenital pseudarthrosis of the tibia treated with Pulsing Electro-Magnetic Fields. 17-year follow-up, 2000
Ito H, Shirai Y, Gembun Y., Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Nippon Medical School, Tokyo, Japan

Magnetic pulse treatment for knee osteoarthritis: a randomised, doubleblind,
placebo-controlled study, 2001
Pipitone N, Scott DL. Rheumatology Department, King's College Hospital (Dulwich), London, UK

Electro-Magnetic fields for the treatment of osteoarthritis, 2001
Hulme J, Robinson V, DeBie R, Wells G, Judd M, Tugwell P., Cochrane Collaborating Center, Center for Global Health, Institute of Population Health - University of Ottawa, 1 Stewart Street, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada

Pulsed magnetic field therapy for osteoarthritis of the knee –
a double-blind sham-controlled trial, 2002
Nicolakis P, Kollmitzer J, Crevenna R, Bittner C, Erdogmus CB, Nicolakis J.
Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, AKH Wien, University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria

Modification of osteoarthritis by Pulsed Electro-Magnetic Field — a morphological study, 2003
Ciombor D.M., Aaron R.K., Wang S., Simon B., Department of Orthopaedics, Brown Medical School, Providence, RI, USA

The effect of Pulsed Electro-Magnetic Fields in the treatment of cervical osteoarthritis: a randomized, double-blind, Sham controlled trial, 2006
Ankara Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Education and Research Hospital, Ankara, Turkey

Magnetic Pulse Treatment for Knee Osteoarthritis: A Randomised, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Study, 2008
Nicolò Pipitone & David L. Scott,, Current Medical Research and Opinion, Pages 190-196 |Taylor & Francis

Effects of PEMF on patients with osteoarthritis: Results of a prospective, placebo‐controlled, double‐blind study, 2015
Heinz Wuschech, Ulrike von Hehn, Eberhard Mikus, Richard H. Funk 2015 - Wiley Online Library


Evaluation of the effects of Extremely Low Frequency (ELF) Pulsed Electromagnetic Fields (PEMF) on survival of the bacterium Staphylococcus aureus, 2013
Istiaque Ahmed, Taghrid Istivan, Irena Cosic & Elena Pirogova , EPJ Nonlinear Biomedical Physics volume 1, Article number: 5 (2013) – Springer


Treating cancer with amplitude-modulated electromagnetic fields: a potential paradigm shift, again?
C F Blackman, Integrated Systems Toxicology Division (B-105-03), US Environmental Protection Agency, Research Triangle Park, NC 27711, USA, Published online 17 January 2012

Low intensity and frequency pulsed electromagnetic fields selectively impair breast cancer cell viability. 2013
Crocetti S, Beyer C, Schade G, Egli M, Fröhlich J, Franco-Obregón A. PLoS One. 2013 Sep 11;8(9):e72944. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0072944. eCollection 2013. PMID: 24039828

Electromagnetic Field Therapy Reduces Cancer Cell Radioresistance by Enhanced ROS Formation and Induced DNA Damage. 2016
Storch K, Dickreuter E, Artati A, Adamski J, Cordes N. PLoS One. 2016 Dec 13;11(12):e0167931. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0167931. eCollection 2016. PMID: 27959944


The use of Pulsed Electro-Magnetic Fields with complex modulation in the treatment of patients with diabetic polyneuropathy, 2003
Musaev AV, Guseinova SG, Imamverdieva SS. Science Research Institute of Medical Rehabilitation, Baku, Azerbaidzhan, Neurosci Behav Physiol. 2003 Oct;33(8):745-52. doi: 10.1023/a:1025184912494. PMID: 14635988

Pulsed electromagnetic fields to reduce diabetic neuropathic pain and stimulate neuronal repair: a randomized controlled trial, 2009
Weintraub MI. et al. Department of Neurology, New York Medical College, Valhalla, NY, USA

The preventive effects of pulsed electromagnetic fields on diabetic bone loss in streptozotocin-treated rats
D Jing, J Cai, G Shen, J Huang, F Li, J Li, L Lu… - Osteoporosis …, 2011 – Springer

Effects of PEMF on microcirculation and angiogenesis in a model of acute hindlimb ischemia in diabetic rats, 2012
Yunhu Pan, Yushu Dong, Wugang Hou, Zhiyu Ji, Kailin Zhi, Zhongmin Yin, Hua Wen, Yitan Chen, Bioelectromagnetics 34:180–188, 2013. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

Pulsed electromagnetic fields (PEMF) promote early wound healing and myofibroblast proliferation in diabetic rats, 2014
Gladys Lai‐Ying Cheing, Xiaohui Li, Lin Huang, Rachel Lai‐Chu Kwan, Kwok‐Kuen Cheung ,

Effects of pulsed electromagnetic field (PEMF) on the tensile biomechanical properties of diabetic wounds at different phases of healing, 2018
Harry M. C. Choi, Alex K. K. Cheing, Gabriel Y. F. Ng, Gladys L. Y. Cheing - Plos one, 2018 -


The effect of a Pulsed Electro-Magnetic Field on the hemodynamics of eyes with glaucoma, 1990
Tsisel'ski IuV, Kashintseva LT, Skrinnik AV., Russia

Possibilities of magnetotherapy in stabilization of visual function in patients with glaucoma, 1996
Bisvas Shutanto Kumar, Listopadova NA. Russia

The effect of a Pulsed Electro-Magnetic Field on the hemodynamics of eyes with glaucoma, 1990
Tsisel'skii IuV, Kashintseva LT, Skrinnik AV., Russia


Initial exploration of Pulsing Electro-Magnetic Fields for treatment of migraine, 1996
Sherman RA, Robson L, Marden LA. Service of Orthopedic Surgery, Madigan Army Medical Center, Tacoma, WA, USA

Treatment of migraine with Pulsing Electro-Magnetic Fields: a double-blind, placebo-controlled study, 1999
Sherman RA, Acosta NM, Robson L. Orthopedic Surgery Service, Madigan Army Medical Center, Tacoma, WA, USA

Impulse magnetic-field therapy for migraine and other headaches: a double-blind, placebo-controlled study, 2001
Pelka RB, Jaenicke C, Gruenwald J. Universitat der Bundeswehr Munchen, Munich, Germany


Effect of extremely low frequency (correction of frequency) magnetic field on brain ischemic reaction in rats, 1997
Zhao L, Wei J, Yan G, Wang Y, Huang Z, Zhao D.; Institute of Space Medico- Engineering, Beijing, China

Therapeutic effects of alternating current pulsed electromagnetic fields in multiple sclerosis. 1997
Sandyk R. J Altern Complement Med. 1997 Winter;3(4):365-86. doi: 10.1089/acm.1997.3.365. PMID: 9449058

Theory of multichannel magnetic stimulation: toward functional neuromuscular rehabilitation, 1999
Ruohonen J, Ravazzani P, Grandori F, Ilmoniemi RJ.; BioMag Laboratory, Helsinki University Central Hospital, Finland.

Therapy of daytime fatigue in patients with multiple sclerosis, 2003
Zifko UA., Sonderkrankenanstalt fur Neurologie, Klinik Pirawarth, Austria.

Effects of a Pulsed Electro-Magnetic therapy on multiple sclerosis fatigue and quality of life: a double-blind, placebo controlled trial, 2003
Lappin MS, Lawrie FW, Richards TL, Kramer ED. Energy Medicine Developments, (North America), Inc., Burke, VA, USA


Pulsed magnetic field therapy in refractory neuropathic pain secondary to peripheral neuropathy: electrodiagnostic parameters—pilot study, 2004
Weintraub MI, Cole SP. New York Medical College, Briarcliff Manor, New York, USA


Relative expression of PPARγ and ADIPOQ mRNA as markers of inhibition adipogenesis on mesenchymal stem cells after Pulsed Electromagnetic Field (PEMF) …
P Sari, L Yunaini, E Luviah… - Journal of Global Pharma …, 2020 -


The effect of long-term pulsing electromagnetic field stimulation on experimental osteoporosis of rats, 1988
Mishima S. Department of Orthopedic Surgery, School of Medicine, University of Occupational and Environmental Health, Kitakyushu, Japan. PMID: 3285429 Review.

Prevention of osteoporosis by pulsed electromagnetic fields. 1989
Rubin CT, McLeod KJ, Lanyon LE. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 1989 Mar;71(3):411-7. PMID: 2925715

Bone density changes in osteoporosis-prone women exposed to pulsed electromagnetic fields (PEMFs), 1990
Tabrah F, Hoffmeier M, Gilbert F Jr, Batkin S, Bassett CA. University of Hawaii School of Medicine, Straub Clinic and Hospital, Honolulu, HI, USA.

Pulsed Electro-Magnetic Fields prevent osteoporosis in an ovariectomized female rat model: a prostaglandin E2- associated process, 2003
Chang K, Chang WH. Department of Biomedical Engineering, Chung-Yuan Christian University, Chung-Li, Taiwan, Republic of China.


Magnetic fields in the treatment of Parkinson's disease, 1992
Sandyk R, Anninos PA, Tsagas N, Derpapas, K. Democrition University of Thrace, Department of Medical Physics and Polytechnic School, Alexandroupolis and Xanthi, Greece.

Effects of Long-Term Treatment with T-PEMF on Forearm Muscle Activation and Motor Function in Parkinson's Disease
BR Jensen, ASB Malling, BM Morberg… - Case reports in …, 2018 -


The results of a double-blind trial of pulsed electromagnetic frequency in the treatment of Perthes' disease, 1997
Hospital, Birmingham Harrison MH, Bassett CA., England, UK


Effect of low frequency Pulsing Electro-Magnetic Fields on skin ulcers of venous origin in humans: a double-blind study, 1990
Ieran M, Zaffuto S, Bagnacani M, Annovi M, Moratti A, Cadossi R. Department of Medical Angiology, Arcispedale S. Maria, Nuova, Reggio Emilia, Italy

Treatment of chronic varicose ulcers with Pulsed Electro-Magnetic Fields: a controlled pilot study, 1991
Department of Dermatology, Belfast City Hospital, USA

A portable Pulsed Electro-Magnetic Field (PEMF) device to enhance healing of recalcitrant venous ulcers: a doubleblind, Placebo controlled clinical trial, 1992
Stiller MJ, Pak GH, Shupack JL, Thaler S, Kenny C, Jondreau L. Ronald O, Perelman Department of Dermatology, New York University Medical Center, New York, USA



eEarth Energy Pulsating Electromagnetic Energy Fields (PEMF) improves Autism and Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD).
WCSW Center - 2016 -


Influence of electro-magnetic fields on the emotional behavior of rats, 2000
Semenova TP, Medvinskaia NI, Bliskovka GI, Akoev IG. Institute of Cell Biophysics, Russian Academy of Sciences, Pushchino, Moscow region, Russia

Combining high and low frequencies in rTMS antidepressive treatment: preliminary results, 2002
Conca A, Di Pauli J, Beraus W, Hausmann A, Peschina W, Schneider H, Konig P, Hinterhuber H. Departments of Psychiatry I and II, Regional Hospital, Rankweil, Austria

Effect of Pulsed Electro-Magnetic Fields (PEMF) on late-phase osteotomy gap healing in a canine tibial model, 2002
Inoue N, Ohnishi I, Chen D, Deitz LW, Schwardt JD, Chao EY. Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, The Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, USA

Autoradiographic evaluation of electromagnetic field effects on serotonin (5HT1A) receptors in rat brain, 2003
Johnson MT, McCullough J, Nindl G, Chamberlain JK. Terre Haute Center for Medical Education, Indiana University School of Medicine, Terre Haute, IN, USA

The Pharmacopsychometric Triangle to Illustrate the Effectiveness of T-PEMF Concomitant with Antidepressants in Treatment Resistant Patients: A Double-Blind, Randomised, Sham-Controlled Trial Revisited with Focus on the Patient-Reported Outcomes, 2011
P. Bech, M. Gefke, M. Lunde, L. Lauritzen and K. Martiny, Psychiatric Research Unit, Frederiksborg General Hospital, 3400 Hillerød, Denmark and Mental Health Research Unit, Psychiatric Centre, 2100 Copenhagen Ø, Denmark - Depression research, 2011 -


Exposure to a specific pulsed low frequency magnetic field: a double-blind placebo-controlled study of effects on pain ratings in rheumatoid arthritis and fibromyalgia patients, 2006
Lawson Health Research Institute, St. Joseph's Health Care, London, Ontario, Canada



Pulsed electromagnetic energy therapy in third molar surgery. 1978
Hutchinson D, Witt S, Fairpo CG. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol. 1978 Dec; 46(6):748-54. doi: 10.1016/0030-4220(78)90302-x. PMID: 282538


Effects of pulsed electro-magnetic fields on postoperative pain in breast augmentation patients, 2008
Hedén P., Pilla AA. Department of Plastic Surgery, Stockholm, Sweden


Therapy with Pulsed Electro-Magnetic Fields in aseptic loosening of total hip protheses: a prospective study, 1996
Országos Reumatologiai és Fizioterápiás Intézet, Budapes, Hungary



Ultrasound and pulsed electromagnetic energy treatment for perineal trauma. A randomized placebo-controlled trial.
Grant A, Sleep J, McIntosh J, Ashurst H. Br J Obstet Gynaecol. 1989 Apr;96(4):434-9. doi: 10.1111/j.1471-0528.1989.tb02419.x. PMID: 2665802


A non-operative salvage of surgically-resistant pseudarthroses and non-unions by pulsing electromagnetic fields. A preliminary report, 1977
Bassett CAL, Pilla AA, Pawluk RJ. Orthopaedic Research Laboratories, College of Physicians and Surgeons, and Department of Chemical and Applied Engineering, Columbia University, NY, NY – The Biochemistry Section ESB, Inc. Yardley, PA, USA

Repair of Non-Unions by Pulsing Electromagnetic Fields, 1978
Bassett CA, Mitchell SN, Norton L, Pilla A

Treatment of non-union of bone fractures by pulsing electro-magnetic fields, 1982
Hutchings J., UK.

Pulsed magnetic field therapy for tibial non-union. Interim results of a double-blind trial. 1984
Barker AT, Dixon RA, Sharrard WJ, Sutcliffe ML. Lancet. 1984 May 5;1(8384):994-6. doi: 10.1016/s0140-6736(84)92329-8. PMID: 6143970

The development and application of pulsed electromagnetic fields (PEMFs) for ununited fractures and arthrodeses. 1985
Bassett CA. Clin Plast Surg. 1985 Apr;12(2):259-77. PMID: 3886262 Review.

A randomized double-blind prospective study of the efficacy of pulsed electromagnetic fields for interbody lumbar fusions, 1989
Mooney V. University of California Irvine, Division of Orthopaedic Surgery, Irvine, CA, USA

Role of pulsed electromagnetic fields in recalcitrant non-unions.
Delima DF, Tanna DD. J Postgrad Med. 1989 Jan;35(1):43-8. PMID: 2585337

Healing of nonunion of a fractured lateral condyle of the humerus by pulsing electromagnetic induction, 1991
Das Sarkar S, Bassett CA, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Sandwell District General Hospital, Lyndon, West Midlands, UK.

Effects of static magnetic and Pulsed Electro-Magnetic Fields on bone healing, 1997
Darendeliler MA, Darendeliler A, Sinclair, PM. Discipline of Orthodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, University of Sydney, Australia.

Pulsed Electro-Magnetic Fields for the treatment of bone fractures, 1999
Satter Syed A, Islam MS, Rabbani KS, Talukder MS., Industrial Physics Division, BCSIR Laboratories, Dhaka.

Effects of pulsed magnetic energy on a micro surgically transferred vessel, 2000
Roland D, Ferder M, Kothuru R, Faierman T, Strauch B. Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery at the Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY, USA. Plast Reconstr Surg 105:1371–1374.

Exposure to pulsed magnetic fields enhances motor recovery in cats after spinal cord injury, 2003
Crowe MJ, Sun ZP, Battocletti JH, Macias MY, Pintar FA, Maiman DJ., Neuroscience Research Laboratories, The Clement J. Zablocki VA Medical Center, Milwaukee, WI, USA.

Pseudarthrosis after lumbar spine fusion: nonoperative salvage with Pulsed Electro-Magnetic Fields, 2004
Simmons JW Jr, Mooney V, Thacker I. UTMB, Galveston, Texas, USA.

Reversal of delayed union of anterior cervical fusion treated with pulsed electromagnetic field stimulation: case report, 2004
Mackenzie, Donald, and Francis D Veninga

Pulsed electromagnetic field (PEMF) treatment for fracture healing, 2009
Boopalan, PRJVC et al.

Is There Still A Role For Pulsed Electromagnetic Field in the Treatment of Delayed Unions and Nonunions, 2008
REC Rose, Division of Orthopaedics, Department of Surgery, Radiology, Anaesthesia and Intensive Care, The University of the West Indies, BA Bryan-Frankson, Physical Therapy Solutions, El Shaddai Medical Centre, Jamaica

Effects of pulsed electromagnetic stimulation on patients undergoing hip revision prostheses: A randomized prospective double-blind study, 2009
Dante Dallari et al., VII Division of Orthopaedic and Traumatology, Rizzoli Orthopaedic Institute, Bologna, Italy

Effect of pulsed electromagnetic fields on human osteoblast cultures
S Barnaba, R Papalia, L Ruzzini… - … Research …, 2013 - Wiley Online Library Bioelectromagnetics 2002; 23: 398– 405

Pulsed Electromagnetic Fields (PEMF) Inhibit Matrix Metalloproteinase-13 Expression in Human Annulus Fibrosus Cells
X Tang, R Willardson, D Coughlin… - The Spine …, 2014 -

Inductively Coupled Electrical Stimulation-Part 2: Optimization of parameters for orthopedic injuries and pain
R Dennis - The Journal of Science and Medicine, 2019 -

Expression relative of RANK, RANKL and OPG gene on rat femoral fracture healing process in delayed union model after pulsed electromagnetic field exposure
P Sari, I Reihannisha, U Umiatin… - Journal of Global …, 2019 -

Effects of electromagnetic field on proliferation, differentiation, and mineralization of MC3T3 cells
SH Teoh, L Suryani, JH Too, AM Hassanbhai, F Wen… - 2019 -

Pulsed electromagnetic field (PEMF): A potential adjuvant treatment for infected nonunion
X Qiu, X Li, Y Chen - Medical Hypotheses, 2020 – Elsevier


Protection against focal cerebral ischemia following exposure to a Pulsed Electro-Magnetic Field, 1994
Grant G, Cadossi R, Steinberg G. Department of Neurosurgery, Stanford University, CA, USA

Low frequency and low intensity Pulsed Electro-Magnetic Field exerts its anti-inflammatory effect through restoration of plasma membrane calcium ATPase activity, 2007
Selvam R, Ganesan K, Narayana Raju KV, Gangadharan AC, Manohar BM, Puvanakrishnan R. Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Madras Veterinary College, Vepery, Chennai, India

Modulation of Carrageenan-Induced Paw Edema and Hyperalgesia in the Rat with Pulsed Magnetic Field Therapy, 2008
Johnson, et al., BEMS, June

Effect of pulsed radiofrequency therapy on edema from grades I and II ankle sprains: a placebo controlled, randomized, multi-site, double-blind clinical study, 1996
Pilla, A., et al., J Athl Train S31:53


Therapeutic effects of electro-magnetic fields in the stimulation of connective tissue repair, 1993
Aaron RK, Ciombor DM., Department of Orthopaedics, Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island, USA

Magnetic fields in physical therapy. Experience in orthopedics and traumatology rehabilitation, 1996
Borg MJ, Marcuccio F, Poerio AM, Vangone A., Servizio di Recupero e Rieducazione Funzionale, Napoli, Italy

Effect of pulsed radio frequency stimulation on wound healing: A double-blind pilot clinical study. In: Electricity and Magnetism in Biology and Medicine, 1999
Kloth, et al., F Bersani, ed. Plenum, NY, 1999, pp. 875-878

Pulsed magnetic fields applied to a transferred arterial loop support the rat groin composite flap, 2004
Weber et al., Plast Reconstr Surg 114:1185–1189

Pulsed magnetic fields accelerate wound repair in a cutaneous wound model in the rat, 2007
Strauch B, et al., Plast Reconstr Surg 120:425–430

Effect of Pulsed Electromagnetic Fields on Post-Operative Pain: A Double-Blind Randomized Pilot Study in Breast Reduction Patients, 2009
Rohde, C., et al., Bioelectomagnetic Society Meetings June, Davos, Switzerland


Electrochemical therapy of pelvic pain: effects of Pulsed Electro-Magnetic Fields (PEMF) on tissue trauma, 1994
Jorgensen WA, Frome BM, Wallach C. International Pain Research Institute, Los Angeles, CA, USA.


History of magnetic stimulation of the nervous system, 1991
Geddes LA., William A. Hillenbrand Biomedical Engineering Center, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN, USA.

Evaluation of treatment with a Pulsed Electro-Magnetic Field on wound healing, clinicopathologic variables, and central nervous system activity of dogs, 1998
Scardino MS, Swaim SF, Sartin EA, Steiss JE, Spano JS, Hoffman CE, Coolman SL, Peppin BL. Scott-Ritchey Research Center, College of Veterinary Medicine, Auburn University, AL, USA.

Magnetic and electrical stimulation in the rehabilitative treatment of patients with organic lesions of the nervous system, 1998
Tyshkevich TG, Nikitina VV; A. L. Polenov, Russian Science Research Neurosurgical Institute, St. Petersburg, Russia

Short-term effects of pulsed electromagnetic fields after physical exercise are dependent on autonomic tone before exposure. 2007
Grote V, Lackner H, Kelz C, Trapp M, Aichinger F, Puff H, Moser M. Eur J Appl Physiol. 2007 Nov;101(4):495-502. doi: 10.1007/s00421-007-0520-x. Epub 2007 Aug 3. PMID: 17674028

Altered expression of matrix metalloproteinases and tight junction proteins in rats following PEMF-induced BBB permeability change
YM Zhang, Z Yan, LB Qiu, GR Ding, XF Pang - Biomedical and …, 2012 – Elsevier


The effects of pulsed electromagnetic energy on peripheral nerve regeneration. 1974
Wilson DH, Jagadeesh P, Newman PP, Harriman DG. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 1974;238:575-85. doi: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1974.tb26823.x. PMID: 4548339

Effects of high peak pulsed electromagnetic fields on degeneration and regeneration of the common peroneal nerve in rate. 1982
Raji AR, Bowden RE. Lancet. 1982 Aug 21;2(8295):444-5. doi: 10.1016/s0140-6736(82)90476-7. PMID: 6124837 No abstract available.

Effects of high-peak pulsed electromagnetic field on the degeneration and regeneration of the common peroneal nerve in rats. 1983
Raji AR, Bowden RE. J Bone Joint Surg Br. 1983 Aug;65(4):478-92. doi: 10.1302/0301-620X.65B4.6603461. PMID: 6603461

Effect of weak, pulsing electromagnetic fields on neural regeneration in the rat. 1983
Ito H, Bassett CA. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 1983 Dec;(181):283-90. PMID: 6641063

Pre-treatment of rats with Pulsed Electro-Magnetic Fields enhances regeneration of the sciatic nerve, 1993
Kanje M, Rusovan A, Sisken B, Lundborg G, Department of Animal Physiology, University of Lund, Sweden.

Effect of Pulsed Electro-Magnetic stimulation on facial nerve regeneration, 1998
Byers JM, Clark KF, Thompson GC, Department of Otorhinolaryngology, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City, USA.

An experimental study of the effects of Pulsed Electro-Magnetic Field (Diapulse) on nerve repair, 1984
Raji AM.

Effects of high-peak Pulsed Electro- Magnetic Field on the degeneration and regeneration of the common peroneal nerve in rats, 1983
Raji AR, Bowden RE, UK

Stimulation of rat sciatic nerve regeneration with Pulsed Electro-Magnetic Fields, 1989
Sisken BF, Kanje M, Lundborg G, Herbst E, Kurtz W. Center for Biomedical Engineering, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY, USA

A multivariate approach to the treatment of peripheral nerve transection injury: the role of electro-magnetic Field Therapy, 1991
Zienowicz RJ, Thomas BA, Kurtz WH, Orgel MG. University of Massachusetts Medical School, Berkshire Medical Center, Pittsfield, USA.

Pre-treatment of rats with Pulsed Electro-Magnetic Fields enhances regeneration of the sciatic nerve, 1993
Kanje M, Rusovan A, Sisken B, Lundborg G., Department of Animal Physiology, University of Lund, Sweden

Enhancement of functional recovery following a crush lesion to the rat sciatic nerve by exposure to Pulsed Electro-Magnetic Fields, 1994
Walker JL, Evans JM, Resig P, Guarnieri S, Meade P, Sisken BS. Division of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Kentucky College of Medicine, Shriners Hospitals for Crippled Children, Lexington, KY, USA

Acute treatment with pulsed electromagnetic fields and its effect on fast axonal transport in normal and regenerating nerve. 1995
Sisken BF, Jacob JM, Walker JL. J Neurosci Res. 1995 Dec;42(5):692-9. doi: 10.1002/jnr.490420512. PMID: 8600302

Effect of Pulsed Electro-Magnetic stimulation on facial nerve regeneration, 1998
Byers JM, Clark KF, Thompson GC. Department of Otorhinolaryngology, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City, OK, USA

Electro-Magnetic Fields influence NGF activity and levels following sciatic nerve transection, 1999
Longo FM, Yang T, Hamilton S, Hyde JF, Walker J, Jennes L, Stach R, Sisken BF. Department of Neurology, UCSF/VAMC, San Francisco, CA, USA

A comparative study of the effects of magnetic stimulation and electric stimulation on peripheral nerve injury in rat, 2001
Bannaga A, Guo T, Ouyang X, Hu D, Lin C, Cao F, Dun Y, Guo Z. Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Tongji Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, China

Effect of pulsed magnetic field on regenerating rat sciatic nerve: an in-vitro electrophysiologic study. 2005
Güven M, Günay I, Ozgünen K, Zorludemir S. Int J Neurosci. 2005 Jun;115(6):881-92. doi: 10.1080/00207450590897950. PMID: 16019581

Co-treatment effect of pulsed electromagnetic field (PEMF) with human dental pulp stromal cells and FK506 on the regeneration of crush injured rat sciatic nerve, 2014
Yoon-Tae Kim, Wei-Hong Hei, Soochan Kim, Young-Kwon Seo, Soung-Min Kim, Jeong-Won Jahng & Jong-Ho Lee, Seoul, Korea, International Journal of Neuroscience Pages 774-783 | 2015 - Taylor & Francis,

Pulsed electromagnetic field (PEMF) prevents pro-oxidant effects of H2O2 in SK-N-BE(2) human neuroblastoma cells, 2015
Stefano Falone, Nicoletta Marchesi, Cecilia Osera, Lorenzo Fassina, Sergio Comincini, Maria laura Amadio & Alessia Pascale, Journal of Radiationn, Pages 281-286 |Taylor & Francis.


Electrochemical therapy of pelvic pain: effects of Pulsed Electro-Magnetic Fields (PEMF) on tissue trauma, 1994
Jorgensen WA, Frome BM, Wallach C. International Pain Research Institute, Los Angeles, CA, USA

2000 Pain management and electro-magnetic medicine.
Ouellette EA., University of Miami School of Medicine, Department of Orthopaedics and Rehabilitation, FL, USA.

Spine fusion for discogenic low back pain: outcomes in patients treated with or without Pulsed Electro-Magnetic Field stimulation, 2000
Marks RA. Richardson Orthopaedic Surgery, Texas, USA

Evaluation of electro-magnetic fields in the treatment of pain in patients with lumbar radiculopathy or the whiplash syndrome, 2002
Thuile Ch, Walzl M., International Society of Energy Medicine, Vienna, Austria

Pulsed magnetic field therapy in refractory neuropathic pain secondary to peripheral neuropathy: electrodiagnostic parameters--pilot study, 2004
Weintraub MI, Cole SP. New York Medical College, Briarcliff Manor, New York, USA.

A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial using a low-frequency magnetic field in the treatment of musculoskeletal chronic pain, 2007
Thomas et al., Bioelectromagnetics, Imaging Program, Lawson Health Research Institute, Department of Medical Biophysics, Schulich School of Medicine and Dentistry, University of Western Ontario, London, Canada

Effects of pulsed electromagnetic fields on postoperative pain: a double-blind randomized pilot study in breast augmentation patients, 2008
Hedén P, Pilla AA., Aesthetic Plast Surg. 32:660-6

Providing the understanding of the mechanism of action of PEMF therapy, the plastic surgeon is the laboratory and clinical confirmation of decreased pain and swelling following injury or surgery, 2009
Strauch et al., Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY

Short Term Effect of PEMF Magnetotherapy on Chronic Low Back Pain
P Galovic, D Celan, T Hernja-Rumpf - Journal of Magnetics, 2018 -


Electrochemical therapy of pelvic pain: effects of Pulsed Electro-Magnetic Fields (PEMF) on tissue trauma, 1994
Jorgensen WA, Frome BM, Wallach C. International Pain Research Institute, Los Angeles, CA, USA


Low energy high frequency pulsed electromagnetic therapy for acute whiplash injuries. A double blind randomized controlled study. 1992
Foley-Nolan D, Moore K, Codd M, Barry C, O'Connor P, Coughlan RJ. Scand J Rehabil Med. 1992;24(1):51-9. PMID: 1604262


Effects of pulsed extremely low-frequency magnetic fields on skin wounds in the rat, 1988
Ottani V, De Pasquale V, Govoni P, Franchi M, Zaniol P, Ruggeri A. Istituto di Anatomia, Umana Normale, Bologna, Italy

Effects of Pulsed Electro-Magnetic Fields on rat skin metabolism, 1989
De Loecker W, Delport PH, Cheng N. Afdeling Biochemie, Katholieke Universiteitte Leuven, Belgium

The influence of pulsed electrical stimulation on the wound healing of burned rat skin, 1995
Castillo E, Sumano H, Fortoul TI, Zepeda A. Department of Physiology and Pharmacology, School of Veterinary Medicine, National Autonomous University of Mexico, Mexico

Pulsed Electro-Magnetic Fields in experimental cutaneous wound healing in rats, 1996
Patino O, Grana D, Bolgiani A, Prezzavento G, Mino J, Merlo A, Benaim F. Department of Postgraduate Reconstructive and Plastic Surgery, Universidad del Salvador and Fundación del Quemado. Buenos Aires, Argentina

Effects of magnetic fields on skin wound healing. Experimental study, 1996
Patino O, Grana D, Bolgiani A, Prezzavento G, Mino J, Merlo A, Benaim F. Department of Postgraduate Reconstructive and Plastic Surgery, Universidad del Salvador and Fundacion del Quemado. Buenos Aires, Argentina

Enhanced skin permeation of naltrexone by pulsed electromagnetic fields in human skin in vitro. 2010
Krishnan G, Edwards J, Chen Y, Benson HA. J Pharm Sci. 2010 Jun;99(6):2724-31. doi: 10.1002/jps.22024. PMID: 20014281

Pulsed electromagnetic field treatment in wound healing
KC Ma, JF Baumhauer - Current Orthopaedic Practice, 2013 -

Comparative assessment of pulsed electromagnetic fields (PEMF) and pulsed radio frequency energy (PRFE) on an in vitro wound healing model
O Karaman, M Gümüşay, EA Demirci… - International Journal of …, 2018 -, European Journal of Medical Research 19(1 … T. Satake et al.